Gandhi concept of civil disobedience

His tactics drove the British from India, but he failed to wipe out ancient Indian religious and caste hatreds. Huge crowds followed him wherever he went. He is the source of all authority in the state. Gandhi highlighted all these demands in his letter to the government in to break the saltlaw.

Even in Britain where the supremacy of theparliament is the basic law of the land, the parliament cannot be termed as totally sovereign asit also works under limitations.

Such compliance is not, however, the willing and spontaneous obedience that is required of a Satyagrahi. You can surprise the authorities every once in a while, but they learn from their mistakes and incorporate the lessons into future plans.

One was British rule, which Gandhi believed impoverished the Indian people by destroying their village-based cloth-making industry. The civil disobedience movement gotmanifested in various forms such as the widespread defiance of law, boycott of British goods,withdrawal of support by the army and the police, and non-co-operation with the government.

Its full range of application extends from the details of correct daily living to the construction of alternative political and economic institutions.

These are accumulated, explained and then usedfor testing hypothesis. Call on groups to report their decisions and reasons for them. However, these characteristics arenot acceptable to the pluralists who reject the entire thesis of Austin in toto. I therefore plead not guilty.

Thus according to Austin, sovereignty is the supreme power of the state that is absolute,permanent, universal, inalienable, exclusive and indivisible.

Gandhi’s first act of civil disobedience

If a significant part of thepopulation refuses to accept him and renders disobedience, then he is no longer a sovereign. It was theresult of British refusal to accept the Congress demand for Dominion Status.

Choice of plea[ edit ] An important decision for civil disobedients is whether or not to plead guilty. One cannot reach truth by untruthfulness.

And in order to register his protest against the action of the lawgivers, it is opento him to withdraw his cooperation from the state by disobeying such other laws whose breachdoes not constitute moral turpitude. Truthful conduct alone can reach truth.

I feel I did the right thing by violating this particular law; I am guilty as charged," but that pleading not guilty sends a message of, "Guilt implies wrong-doing. Describe a situation where you think Gandhi might agree that resorting to violence was necessary.

I don't deny it; in fact, I am proud of it.

Civil Disobedience

That is why, it, in the process, dwelt on terms such asconflicts, anarchy, instability and revolution. Principle 1 Principle of Equal Basic Liberties Each person has the same indefeasible claim to a fully adequate scheme of equal basic liberties,scheme which is compatible with the same scheme of liberties for all.

Thoreau's essay Civil Disobedience, originally titled "Resistance to Civil Government", has had a wide influence on many later practitioners of civil disobedience.

The driving idea behind the essay is that citizens are morally responsible for their support of aggressors. Get an answer for 'For gandhi, the concept of civil disobedience was extremely important. What are its drawbacks, that is, in what types of situations is it not appropriate?' and find homework.

“Civil disobedience, as I put it to the audience, was not the problem, despite the warnings of some that it threatened social stability, that it led to anarchy.

The greatest danger, I argued, was civil obedience, the submission of individual conscience to governmental authority. Gandhi expected Britain to grant India independence after World War I.

When it did not happen, Gandhi called for strikes and other acts of peaceful civil disobedience. The British sometimes struck back with violence, but Gandhi insisted Indians remain non-violent.

civil disobedience

Many answered Gandhi’s call. On March 12,Indian independence leader Mohandas Gandhi begins a defiant march to the sea in protest of the British monopoly on salt, his boldest act of civil disobedience yet against.


One of the most significant and tangible effects India has had on life in the United States was Mahatma Gandhi’s influence on the Civil Rights leader, Martin Luther King, who adapted Gandhi’s idea of civil disobedience to the civil rights movement in the United States.

Gandhi concept of civil disobedience
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Gandhi and Civil Disobedience - Constitutional Rights Foundation